Climate change and sexual and reproductive health: impacts and solutions
- Global climate change represents a grave threat to the future of human health and our natural environment.
- Progress towards achieving universal access to sexual and reproductive health services, family planning, maternal and neonatal healthcare, is likely to be affected in the absence of urgent and significant action.
- New challenges associated with a changing environment are likely to arise and further impact maternal and infant health outcomes, fertility, rates of sexually transmitted infections and risks of sexual violence.
- At the same time sexual and reproductive health is inherently linked to sustainable population growth, a contributing factor to climate change.
- Maintaining ongoing progress towards improving sexual and reproductive health outcomes, and strengthening existing health services to adapt to climate related changes, offers a dual benefit of improving health outcomes and mitigating one of the key drivers of climate change, population growth.
This narrative review aims to explore the impact of climate change on sexual and reproductive health. It will discuss how the realisation of sexual and reproductive rights and the advancement of gender equity through voluntary family planning could contribute to sustainable population changes as a part of a comprehensive climate change strategy.